However, a FIFA inquiry into the bidding process in November 2014 cleared Qatar of any wrongdoing.
Men were warned against wearing only shorts and singlets. , The Qatar Armed Forces are the military forces of Qatar.  A century later, Ptolemy produced the first known map to depict the peninsula, referring to it as Catara. , Although Qatar was considered a dependency of Bahrain, the Al Khalifa faced opposition from the local tribes. , Before the discovery of oil, the economy of the Qatari region focused on fishing and pearl hunting. "New cybercrime law could have serious consequences for press freedom in Qatar", "Qatar: New Cyber Crime Law poses real threat to Freedom of Expression", "Fox Sports brings you everything you need to know – and a few things you don't – about the Asian Cup", "Qatar stun Japan with 3–1 win to be crowned Asian Cup champions", "Russia, Qatar win 2018 and 2022 World Cups", "Europe's Top Leagues protest against 2022 winter World Cup in Qatar", "Fifa wants Qatar 2022 postponed to Winter", "BBC Sport – Qatar World Cup: '£3m payments to officials' corruption claim", "World Cup inquiry clears Qatar but criticises English FA", "Qatar World Cup: migrants wait a year to be paid for building offices", Death toll among Qatar's 2022 World Cup workers revealed, "Qatar hits back at allegations of bribery over 2022 World Cup", "Football fans to sleep in Glastonbury-like tented villages at Qatar World Cup", "Cazorla dazzles as football arrives at Education City", "The Education City contracts: A case study from VCU in Qatar", "In the occasion of Literacy Arab Day, Qatar has the Lowest Illiteracy Rates in 2012", "SPECIAL REPORT: UNIVERSITY STUDIES IN THE MIDDLE EAST", "Key findings – Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development", "Qatar National Development Strategy 2011~2016", Union of Arab National Olympic Committees, Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Qatar&oldid=984634147#Languages, Arabic-speaking countries and territories, Member states of the Gulf Cooperation Council, Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, States and territories established in 1971, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Articles lacking reliable references from June 2017, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from June 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2018, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from June 2013, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2012, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 October 2020, at 05:50. The Museum of Islamic Art, opened in 2008, is regarded as one of the best museums in the region. Doha four times was the host of the official FIVB Volleyball Men's Club World Championship and three times host FIVB Volleyball Women's Club World Championship.  In Qatar, homosexual acts are illegal and can be punished by death. Egypt closed its airspace and seaports to all Qatari transportation. Immigrant communities within Qatar have continued to speak their native languages. , Qatar has been ruled by the House of Thani since Mohammed bin Thani signed a treaty with the British in 1868 that recognised its separate status. Malayalam is among the 22 formal dialects and 14 regional dialects of India and is used by about 38 million people especially in Kerala and in the Laccadive Islands which are located in Southern India. Qatar officially referred to as the State of Qatar is a self-governing nation situated in Southwest Asia.  Further, in 2014, Qatar won the world championship in men's 3x3 basketball. About 37,000 people in Qatar speak Sinhalese, a Sri Lankan language of the Brahmic family. In 2010, Qatar won the rights to host the 2022 FIFA World Cup, making it the first country in the Middle East to be selected to host the tournament. Moreover, two cruise ships were also reserved as temporary floating accommodations for nearly 40,000 people during the tournament. Fearing that he would face death or imprisonment, Jassim retreated to Al Wajbah (16 km or 10 mi west of Doha), accompanied by several tribe members. Senate hearing has the answer", Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2011: Qatar, "US State Dept's Country Political Profile – Qatar", "Qatar shows how to manage a modern monarchy", "Population of Qatar by nationality – 2017 report", "GDP per capita, PPP (current international $) | Data", "GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$) | Data", "2019 Human Development Index Ranking | Human Development Reports", "Indices & Data | Human Development Reports", "IFES Election Guide – Elections: Qatar Referendum Apr 29 2003", "Tiny Kingdom's Huge Role in Libya Draws Concern", "Qatar admits sending hundreds of troops to support Libya rebels", "Middle Powers: Squeezed out or Adaptive? All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com.  There are also newspapers from India, Nepal and Sri Lanka with editions printed from Qatar. , In June 2013, Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani became the Emir of Qatar after his father handed over power in a televised speech.  Many migrant workers arriving for work in Qatar have paid exorbitant fees to recruiters in their home countries. Their total population in the country stands at 37,000.
 Islam is the official religion of Qatar.  A Consultative Assembly has limited legislative authority to draft and approve laws, but the Emir has final say on all matters.  Archaeological remains from the 9th century suggest that Qatar's inhabitants used greater wealth to construct higher quality homes and public buildings. The Emir announced Qatar's plans to hold its first national legislative elections in 2013. , Khalifa International Tennis and Squash Complex in Doha hosted the WTA Tour Championships in women's tennis between 2008 and 2010. Most of the Urdu speakers are located in Pakistan where Urdu is the official language.  Qatar is classified by the UN as a country of very high human development, having the third-highest HDI in the Arab world after United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia. In 1915, with the presence of British gunboats in the harbour, Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani (who was pro-British) persuaded the remainder to abandon the fort and, when British troops approached the following morning, they found it deserted. The program encompasses the STEM fields and languages.
, Qatar may suffer significant geopolitical losses if there is a global transition to renewable energy; it is ranked 152 out of 156 countries in the index of Geopolitical Gains and Losses after energy transition (GeGaLo)..
, In June 2018, Saudi Arabia announced a bid to construct a waterway, Salwa Canal, on their border with Qatar which shall in effect turn the latter into an island country. It has been reported that journalists practice self-censorship, particularly in regards to the government and ruling family of Qatar. It was officially opened in September 2017, and is expected to become fully operational by 2020.  The map also referenced a town named "Cadara" to the east of the peninsula.
There are roughly 50 to 60 million people in the world who speak Pashto and some are not only found in Qatar but also in the United States, United Arab Emirates, Thailand, Saudi Arabia, Sweden, Germany, the Netherlands, Canada, Australia, Russia, and Japan.  Qatar is pursuing an Afghan peace deal and in January 2012 the Afghan Taliban said they were setting up a political office in Qatar to facilitate talks. , Qatar was estimated to host a football fan base of 1.6 million for the World Cup 2022.  After the introduction of the Japanese cultured pearl onto the world market in the 1920s and 1930s, Qatar's pearling industry crashed. These revenues were used to fund the expansion and modernisation of Qatar's infrastructure.
Only 313,000 of the population (12%) were Qatari citizens, while the remaining 2.3 million (88%) were expatriates. An increasing number of employers in Qatar are presently indicating a lot of interesting in employing accountants, engineers, travel and hotel experts from Nepal.  Qatar also does not maintain wage standards for its immigrant labourers.  Qatar is a World Bank high-income economy, backed by the world's third-largest natural gas reserves and oil reserves. , Under military and political pressure from the governor of the Ottoman Vilayet of Baghdad, Midhat Pasha, the ruling Al Thani tribe submitted to Ottoman rule in 1871. , In May 2012, Qatari officials declared their intention to allow the establishment of an independent trade union. Some of the more common labour rights violations include beatings, withholding of payment, charging workers for benefits for which the employer is responsible, restrictions on freedom of movement (such as the confiscation of passports, travel documents, or exit permits), arbitrary detention, threats of legal action, and sexual assault. , Until 2011, restaurants on the Pearl-Qatar (a man-made island near Doha) were allowed to serve alcoholic drinks. , In 2014, a Cybercrime Prevention Law was passed.  In 2012, it was estimated that Qatar would invest over $120 billion in the energy sector in the next ten years.  Qatar also announced it would scrap its sponsor system for foreign labour, which requires that all foreign workers be sponsored by local employers. Further phases of North Field gas development costing billions of dollars are in various stages of planning and development. This is used as a second language.  Upon being made aware of the Egyptian advance on the western frontier in 1811, the Wahhabi amir reduced his garrisons in Bahrain and Zubarah in order to redeploy his troops. The UN Committee Against Torture found that these practices constituted a breach of the obligations imposed by the UN Convention Against Torture. Qatar National Day, hosted annually on 18 December, has had an important role in developing a sense of national identity.
Every February, riders are racing on the roads across Qatar's flat land for six days.
, As a small country with larger neighbours, Qatar seeks to project influence and protect its state and ruling dynasty.  Monasteries were constructed and further settlements were founded during this era. " There is evidence that these groups supported by Qatar include the hard-line Islamic militant groups active in northern Syria. Notable among these include the Darfur Agreement. , Qatar hired the RAND Corporation to reform its K–12 education system. , In 2003, Qatar served as the US Central Command headquarters and one of the main launching sites of the invasion of Iraq. Qatar plays an active role in the collective defense efforts of the Gulf Cooperation Council; the other five members are Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, the UAE, and Oman. It lies between latitudes 24° and 27° N, and longitudes 50° and 52° E. Most of the country consists of a low, barren plain, covered with sand. , According to Qatar's Constitution, Sharia law is the main source of Qatari legislation, although in practice, Qatar's legal system is a mixture of civil law and Sharia law.  In 2011, Qatar joined NATO operations in Libya and reportedly armed Libyan opposition groups.
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